Patented quadruple-coated probiotics
As a composite of the Latin preposition pro (“for”) and the Greek adjective that means “fit for life”, the word probiotic literally means “for life”.
“A live microorganism which, when administered in adequate amount, confer a health benefit on the host.” – FAO/WHO Working Group Report, 2002
Ever since the Russian scientist Élie Metchnikoff received the Nobel prize in 1908 for discovering consumption of fermented milk rich in lactobacillus bacteria as the reason for the high life expectancy of the Bulgarian people, much research has been conducted on the functions and benefits of lactobacillus bacteria. Then, in 2002, experts from Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and World Health Organization made the decision to categorize lactobacillus bacteria and all other forms of beneficial microorganisms as probiotics.
South Korea’s Ministry of Food and Drug Safety defines probiotics, in the context of their use as functional ingredients of health supplements, and “live microorganisms having positive benefits inside the human body” and has previously confirmed probiotics’ ability to promote the proliferation of good bacteria, suppress the growth of bad bacteria, and contribute to healthy digestive actions. In order for lactobacillus bacteria and other types of helpful microorganisms to be considered as probiotics, they must survive exposure to gastric acid and bile acid, reach the small intestines, and begin to settle and proliferate. They must also have a positive benefit inside the intestinal tract without exhibiting any toxicity or pathogenicity. Currently, there are nineteen species of microorganisms in five genera that are approved for use as functional probiotics ingredients.
|Lactobacillus||Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus gasseri, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Lactobacillus helveticus, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus paracasei, Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus reuteri, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus salivarius|
|Enterococcus||Enterococcus faecium, Enterococcus faecalis|
|Bifidobacterium||Bifidobacterium bifidum, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium longum, Bifidobacterium lactis|
The amount of probiotics intake needed in order to realize benefits is between 100 million to 10 billion CFU* a day. Consuming more than the recommended amount, however, does not produce greater benefits. In contrast, an excessive amount of probiotics in the system can lead to heterofermentation, a process of gas production that can cause conditions such as diarrhea.
※ CFU (Colony Forming Unit)
As a unit of measure for counting the number of live microorganisms, one cluster equals 1 CFU. 1 CFU is sometimes said to equal just a single microorganism for easier understanding, but this is inaccurate.